Welcome back to thetrendybusiness.com. In today’s article, we will learn about What is Ethical Hacking and How to be an Ethical Hacker in India?. Also, we will discuss different types of hacking and types of hackers.
Let’s Start with Basics…
The term hacking has been around for a long time of period. The first recorded instance of hacking dates back to the early 1960s at MIT. In MIM both terms were coined “Hacking” and “Hacker“.
Since then, hacking has evolved into a broadly followed discipline for the large computing community. In this article, we are going to discuss about all simple fundaments of ethical hacking.
For your kind information following topics are discussed in this post:
- What is Ethical Hacking?
- What are the main types of Hackers?
- Different types of Hacking?
- Fundamentals of Hacking?
- How to Be an ethical hacker in India?
What is ethical Hacking?
Ethical hacking involves an authorized attempt to gain unauthorized access to a computer system, data management or application system. Carrying out an ethical hacking involves duplicating strategies of malicious attackers.
Ethical hacking is a very good practice and it also helps to identify security vulnerabilities. So we can be resolved before a malicious attacker has the opportunity to exploit them.
It is also important to note that hacking is an illegal activity and can lead to extreme consequences if you are caught in the act. Also, note that hacking can bee legal if you are done with permission.
Computers experts are often hired by all companies hack their system to find vulnerabilities and also weak points. So that they can be fixed.
Such People who hack into a system with the owner’s permission without any intent are known as ‘Ethical Hackers‘ and this process is known as ‘ Ethical hacking‘.
Hope, now you know what is exactly ethical hacking and who are ethical hackers. let’s try to know about different types of hackers.
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What are the main types of Hackers?
Hackers can be divided according to their intent. There are mainly 4 types of hackers.
- White Hat Hackers
- Black Hat Hackers
- Grey Hat Hackers
- Suicide Hackers
Firstly start with white hat hackers,
White Hat Hackers:
Ethical Hackers are also known as white hat Hacker. It is another name for an Ethical Hacker. They hack into a computer system or application with the permission of their owner to find out some issues and vulnerabilities. So that they can be fixed it before a person with malicious intent finds them. Lastly, we can say that Ethical (White Hat) Hackers are our friends.
Black Hat Hackers:
Crackers is the another name of Black hat Hackers, Who hack into a computer system without having any permission of owners. It is always illegal because of its malicious intent which incudes stealing corporate data, violating the privacy, damage the system, and many more. Black hat hackers gain unauthorized access to a system and harm it or steal sensitive information.
Grey Hat Hackers:
They are a blend of black hat and white hat hackers. Grey hat hackers are mostly hack system for their fun and exploit a security weakness in a computer network without the owner’s knowledge. Their only intent is to bring the weakness to the attention of the owners & earn some money from them.
A Suicide hacker is a person who works with the intent to bring down major corporations. Mostly these kinds of hackers are not scared of the consequences of their actions because they work with a vengeance in their minds. These hackers are also known as hacktivists.
there are main types of hackers. after learn about hackers let’s move to different types of hacking so that you know more about what is hacking and how to be an ethical hacker in India.
What are the some different types of Hacking?
Earlier we have discussed the various types of hackers, let’s go over the different types of hacking. There are many types of hacking Also in this article we will learn about many hacking types.
- Email Hacking
- Website Hacking
- Network Hacking
- Computer Hacking
- Password Hacking
This is the process of gaining unauthorized access to an Email Account and using without taking the permission of owner. The intent of Hackers behind the Email hacking is Sending out spam links, third party threats, also for such harmful activities.
Hacking website that means taking unauthorized control over a web server and other device such as databases and other interfaces.
This includes gathering information about a network by using tools such as Telnet, NS lookup, Ping, Tracert and many more. Harm the network system and hamper its operation is the main intent for network hacking.
Process of computer hacking is stealing computer ID and password by applying different hacking methods. Also intent for this kind of hacking is getting unauthorized access to a computer system.
This is the process of recovering secret passwords from data. These data has been stored in or transmitted by a computer system.
Phases of Ethical Hacking
Like every discipline out there in the world, ethical hacking is also divided into 6 distinct phases. These Phases are not strict rules, nut it is also important to follow these phases.
Knowledge about 6 phases of ethical hacking is very important so that you can get answer of what is ethical hacking and how to be an ethical hacker in India.
Reconnaissance is the very important process of information gathering. In This phase, the hacker gathers relevant information about the target.
In this scanning phase, the hacker begins to actively probe the target network for vulnerabilities that can be exploited. Hackers use tools like Nessus, Nexpose for this phase.
Gaining access is the phase in which, the vulnerability located during scanning is exploited using various methods and hacker tries to enter the target system without any alarms.
This is also one of the most integral phases. In this phase of maintaining access, the hacker installs various backdoors and payloads onto the target system. Backdoors also help the hacker gaining quicker access onto the target system in the future.
Clearing tracks is the process in which an unethical activity take place. It has to do with the deletion of logs of all the activities that take place during the hacking.
Last step of ethical hacking process is Reporting. Here the ethical Hacker compiles a report with his findings and thee job.
After learn about these steps you are clear with what is ethical hacking.
Some Key concepts and Limitation of ethical Hacking
- Free protocol concepts
- Stay legal
- Define the scope
- Report vulnerabilities
- respect data sensitivity
- Limitation of Ethical hacking
- Limited scope
- Resource constraints
- Restricted methods
above limitations and protocol concepts are important if you find about how to be an ethical hacker in India.
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How are ethical hackers different than malicious hackers?
As we discussed earlier ethical hackers are good hackers but others is very bad. Ethical hackers use their hacking knowledge to secure and also improve the technology of any company or organization. They provide an essential service to these companies.
Malicious hackers intend to gain unauthorizes access to a resource for their financial freedom or personal recognition. Some malicious hackers crash some websites or servers only for their fun. Also, the method used by malicious hackers are remaining unreported.
what skills and certification should an ethical hacker obtains?
An ethical hacker should have a deep knowledge of computer skills. They often specialize on a particular area within the ethical hacking.
All ethical hackers should have:
- Expertise in scripting languages and also in many other languages.
- firstly, you should have proficiency in operating systems.
- Deep knowledge of networking and also computer system.
- Solid foundation in the principles of information technology.
- Network Traffic sniffing.
- Orchestrate various network attacks.
- Password guessing and Cracking
- Improve your skills by read many books
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Some certificates for ethical hackers:
- Certified ethical hacking certification: EC council.
- SANS GIAC
- Cisco’s CCNA security
- CompTIA Security+
- Offensive Security Certified Professional Certification.
All of these certificate are required for be an good ethical hackers. If you want to be an ethical hacker then try to get all certificates mentioned above.
How to be an Ethical hacker in India with Certificates?
Let us take a look at the steps that will help you to become a certified ethical Hacker in India
- Smart & Hard work on building a solid foundation
- Learn to keep all types of code at your fingertips
- Become a professional by gaining an ethiical hacking certification
- Set aim to become a master
If we also talk about the first and the most common ethical hacking certification. These are some of the qualification you’ll need to ace it:
- Social Engineering
- How to crate Trojan Horses
- SQL Injection
- Buffer Overflow
- Session Hijacking
- system Hacking
- Scan Networks
- Hijack web applications
- Denial of service attacks
Job Profiles for How to be an ethical hacker in India
There is also one more step you will need to take in your ethical hacking career. This step is choosing the most suitable job profile for you.
You can choose your work profile after gaining an ethical hacking certification.
Some of job profiles for your kind information:
- Information security Analyst
- Security Analyst
- Ethical Hacker
- Certified ethical hacker
- Information security manager
These were some of the most popular and common job profiles. freelancing is also a very popular platform for the world of ethical hacking.
You as a beginner in ethical hacking can expect a salary of INR 5 Lakhs per year. But this digits grow to a great average of INR 12 lakhs per year for individuals with higher educations and better skills.
Finally, hope that you like our article of ‘how to be an ethical hacker in India’ and ‘what is ethical hacking’. Our team always tries to put the best business and much more information for you.
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Read this article in Hindi: What is Hacking in Hindi – हैकिंग क्या है? (Ethical Hacking kya hai) पूरी जानकारी हिंदी मे
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