Web Development – Everything you need to know

Technology plays a huge role in our daily lives, fro m the simplest of apps to the most groundbreaking inventions. Every website or piece of software that we encounter has been built by a web developer — but what exactly is web development, and what does a web developer do?

Web development is the building and maintenance of websites. it’s the work that happens behind the scenes to make a website look great, work fast and perform well with a good user experience. Moreover, It is quickly becoming one of the most attractive and best-paid career choices in the modern world. 

Web development skills are in high demand worldwide and well paid too – making development a great career option. But what is a web developer and what exactly does one do?

What is Web Development?

it is the process of building websites and applications for the internet or private networks. They do this by writing lines and lines of complicated code, using a variety of languages. Web developers have quite a difficult job, because they have to take a language we understand, such as English, and translate it into a language that a computer understands, such as Python or HTML.

As you can imagine, this can take a lot of time and effort. Because it requires knowledge of different programming languages and use of them.

For Further Reading : What is Website Designing? Why web design is important?

Why web development is important?

Websites act as a bridge between one who wants to share information and those who want to consume it. It helps you reach out to potential clients at a global stage

As of 2019, there are 4.2 billion global internet users. That’s more than half the world’s population, and these folks are using the internet for a vast variety of reasons.

What’s the one thing those reasons have in common? They require a website, and each website requires a skilled web developer.

Web development is also a rapidly expanding industry. Between now and 2028, the employment of web developers is expected to grow by 13%. That’s much faster than most other technology careers.

There are various reasons that show the importance of a website:

  • A website is an online brochure that helps you advertise your business offers.
  • It provides a platform to reach out to a far-and-wide global customer base.
  • You can also have the possibility to influence your readers through your blogs on a website.
  • You can show all your ideas and publish them on a website.
  • If you have a business idea, you can open an online shop and sell your products or services online.
  • You can communicate with your customers, giving them an opportunity to express themselves.

Now that you know what is web development and why we need websites, let’s get into the depth of this web development tutorial and learn about the basic skills required.

What Types Of Web Developers Are There?

1. Front-End

A front-end developer(client side developer) is someone who takes a client or design team’s website design and writes the code needed to implement it on the web. A decent front-end web developer will be fluent in at least three programming languages – HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

  • HTML – HyperText Markup Language(HTML) is the foundation of all websites. It’s the main file type that is loaded in your browser when you look at a website. HTML allows them to add content to a website while splitting it into headings, paragraphs, and tables.
  • CSS – Cascading Style Sheets(CSS) is used for styling the HTML elements. It provides 1000s of styling functions to style the HTML elements defined by us. CSS lets a decent developer style the content and change things like colors, sizes, and borders.
  • JavaScript – This programming language allows you to interact with elements on the website and to manipulate them. JavaScript allows the inclusion of interactive elements, such as push buttons.

In other words, They design and develop the visual aspects, including the layout, navigation, graphics, and other aesthetics.

2. Back-End

While front-end developers are responsible for client-side programming, back-end developers have to deal with the server-side. These developers work in systems like servers, operating systems, and databases and manage the code for security and site structure. It is responsible for storing data and ensuring that everything on the client-side runs smoothly.

3. Full Stack

Full stack developers work in both the front-end and backend sides of a website. They can create a website, application, or software program from start to finish.

Web Development and Web Design

Imagine a web designer and web developer working together to build a car: the developer will take care of all the functional components, like the engine, the wheels and the gears, while the designer would be responsible for both the visual aspects — how the car looks, the layout of the dashboard, the design of the seats etc.

Web designers design how the website looks and feels. They model the layout of the website, making sure it’s logical, user-friendly and pleasant to use. They consider all the different visual elements: what colour schemes and fonts will be used? What buttons, drop-down menus and scrollbars should include, and where? What interactive touchpoints does the user interact with to get from point A to B? Web design also considers the information architecture of the website, establishing what content will include and where it should be placed.

It is the web developer’s job to take this design and develop it into a live, fully functional website. A front-end developer takes the visual design as provided by the web designer and builds it using coding languages such as HTML, CSS and JavaScript. A back-end developer builds the more advanced functionality of the site, such as the checkout function on an e-commerce site.

If you want to be a designer, you won’t necessarily have to learn any code at all. Likewise, a developer doesn’t need to have any graphic design skills at all.

What Does a Web Developer Do?

The role of the web developer is to build and maintain websites. Web developers can work in-house or freelance, and the specific tasks and responsibilities involved will vary depending on whether they’re working as a frontend, backend or full stack developer. Full stack developers specialize in both the frontend and backend

A large part of web development also revolves around identifying and fixing bugs in order to constantly optimize and improve a website or system. Web developers are therefore keen problem solvers, regularly coming up with solutions and works to keep things running smoothly.

Front End Skills

It is important to make sure that web applications download fast and are responsive to user interaction, regardless of a users bandwidth, screen size, network, or device capabilities.

The intermediate Front End Skills include:

  • Responsive Design – We use different gadgets like computers, phones, and tablets to look at web pages. The web pages adjust themselves to the device you’re using without any extra effort from your end. This is due to the responsive design. One major role of a front end developer is to understand the responsive design principles and how to implement them on the coding side. It is an intrinsic part of CSS frameworks like the Bootstrap. These skills are all interconnected and so as you learn one you’ll often be making progress in the others at the same time.
  • Build Tools – The modern web browsers come equipped with developer tools for testing and debugging. These tools allow you to test the web pages in the browser itself and finds out how the page is interpreting the code. Browser developer tools usually consist of an inspector and a JavaScript console. The inspector allows you to see what the runtime HTML on your page looks like, what CSS is associated with each element on the page. The JS console allows you to view any errors that occur as the browser tries to execute your JS code.
  • Version Control/Git – Version control is the process of tracking and controlling changes to your source code so that you don’t have to start from the beginning if anything goes wrong. It is a tool that is used to track the changes made previously so that you can go back to a previous version of your work and find out what went wrong without tearing the whole thing down.

Back End Skills

The back-end layer forms a dynamic connection between the front-end and the database. To get this layer working it’s important to know at least one of the programming languages such as Python, Java, PHP, Ruby, etc and knowledge of server-side frameworks such as NodeJS is mandatory.

  • Python is an open-source, object-oriented programming language and ever since it has become one of the favorite languages of most software and web developers.
  • Java is an open-source, high-level programming language. It follows the Write Once Run Anywhere (WORA) approach that makes it compatible to run on any platform.
  • PHP is an open-source, Can use server-side scripting language to develop the back-end logic of an application. It is a powerful tool for making dynamic and interactive websites.
  • NodeJS is an open-source, We can use  JavaScript framework specifically for creating the back end or the server-side of an application. Through NodeJS, JavaScript can now finally run on the server-side of the web.

Server and Deployment Skills

Servers are basically computers that store website files and other resources like databases.

Server Setup

To make a website accessible publicly on the internet, it needs to be installed on a server. Once you have your domain name and server space, it’s time to set up the site on the server. The first thing is to direct the domain name to the server’s unique IP address. Then you need to set up website files and finally the database and other configurations.

Deployment Tools

To get files from your own computer up to your server, you need a protocol. This is basically a method of transporting files or other data to and from a server.

The deployment tool stores your FTP/SFTP settings, and when a change is pushed in Git to the master branch, the tool will transfer the files for you. So, there is no need to remember which files you changed, reducing the number of mistakes you make.

What are libraries and frameworks?

Web developers also work with libraries and frameworks. Despite much confusion, they are not the same thing — although they are both there to make the developer’s job easier.

Libraries and frameworks are essentially sets of prewritten code, but libraries are smaller and tend to be used for more specific use-cases. A library contains a collection of useful code, grouped together to be reused later. The purpose of a library is to enable developers to reach the same end goal while writing less code to get there.

Let’s take the example of JavaScript, the language, and jQuery, a JavaScript library. Rather than writing, say, ten lines of code in JavaScript, the developer can take the condensed, prewritten version from the jQuery library — saving time and effort.

A framework contains ready-made components and tools that enable the developer to write code faster, and many frameworks also contain libraries. It gives the developer a structure to work from, and the framework you choose to work with will largely dictate the way you build your website or app, so choosing a framework is a big decision.

The easiest way to understand libraries and frameworks is to imagine you are building a house. The framework provides the foundation and the structure, as well as instructions or guidelines for completing certain tasks. Say you want to install an oven in your new home: you could buy the separate components and build the oven from scratch, or you could pick a ready-made oven from the store. Just like building a website, you can write the code from scratch or you can take pre-written code from a library and simply insert it.

Website Development Resources

Interested in learning more about development and coding? Outside of  connecting and networking with other developers, there are plenty of resources you can tap into to further your understanding or web development.

Web Development Courses and Classes

Whether you want to explore backend, front-end, or full-stack coding, here are a few online courses and classes recommended by our own HubSpot developers.

TutorialsPoint

All content and resources on TutorialsPoint are free. Between tutorials, ebooks, and videos, TutorialsPoint provides many different ways to learn.

egghead

According to their website, “egghead is a group of working web development professionals and open source contributors that provide you with concise, information-dense video courses on the best tools in the industry.” Users can take courses, listen to podcasts, or take lessons on a wide variety of web development topics.

Khan Academy

Khan Academy is a well-known free educational resource. Users can learn anything from macroeconomics to linear algebra to US history, as well as a handful of computing topics.

freeCodeCamp

freeCodeCamp is a non-profit organization (like Khan Academy) that helps people learn to code for free. With thousands of articles, videos, and interactive lessons, as well as worldwide study groups, freeCodeCamp helps thousands of developers and engineers learn about programming and land development jobs.

Tree house

Team Treehouse is a subscription-based online learning program. Users pay a monthly fee and gain access to hundreds of courses on over 20 different topics. From JavaScript to Python to PHP, Treehouse can teach you all you need to know about web development.

It is also important

Can i learn web development on my own?

Yes you can
A lot of courses are available online and even if you can’t afford that. Then there are lots of site like w3 school and codeacademy where you can learn it for free.

What is web devloper’s Average salary?

The average salary for a Web Developer is ₹ 3,21,800 per year (₹ 412.43 per hour), which is ₹ 65,700 (-17%) lower than the national average salary in India.
A Web Developer can expect an average starting salary of ₹ 1,17,500. The highest salaries can exceed ₹ 8,50,000. Here is survey of linkedin, where you can see jobs and oppurtunities in india.

Why web development is a good career?

Given there will be approximately 1. 4 million computing jobs available in 2020, and only 400000 developers to fill them, those interested in acquiring in-demand career skills can certainly benefit from having web-development and coding on their résumé, regardless of industry. So yes, it is a good choice to select web development as a career.

What is an Internet Protocol (IP) Adress?

Internet Protocol is a set of standards that govern interaction on the internet.
To access a website, you need to know its IP address. An IP address is a unique string of numbers. Each device has an IP address to distinguish itself from the billions of websites and devices connected via the internet.

lastly, Hope this post is very helpful for you and your career. Well, I hope this guide helped you to understand about Web Devlopment as a business. If you have additional questions, feel free to ask in the comment section below. Be sure to follow us on all social media platforms to stay updated about our upcoming articles.

For Further Reading : Website Designing

You can also read this: mobile App development

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